JANNAF PROPULSION MEETING (JPM)

Objective: The JANNAF Propulsion Meetings (JPM) promote the exchange of technical information in the fields of missile, space, and gun propulsion. These meetings assemble scientists and engineers who are responsible for leading the research and engineering efforts on government-sponsored and government-performed programs in these areas for the purpose of sharing information and research results. The JPM meetings are part of a series of such meetings dating back to the late 1940s.

The main sessions cover current propulsion science and technology, propellants, and hardware relevant to government programs, comparative system performances, and technology advances which affect current and future propulsion systems. Technical sessions are conducted on solid, liquid, hybrid, and air-augmented rockets, ramjets, scramjets, combined-cycle engines, expendable turbine engines, and electric propulsion, as well as missile, space transportation, orbit transfer, satellite, and gun propulsion applications.

Program Committee Members:

Mr. Bruce Askins, NASA MSFC / Huntsville, (256) 544-1096, bruce.askins@nasa.gov
Mr. Ryan E. Hunter, NAWCWD / China Lake, (760) 939-7893, ryan.hunter@navy.mil
Dr. Christopher G. Murawski, AFRL / Wright-Patterson AFB, (937) 255-1237, christopher.murawski.2@us.af.mil
Mr. Paul J. Conroy, ARL / Aberdeen Proving Ground, (410) 278-6114, paul.j.conroy4.civ@mail.mil
Dr. Jeremy R. Rice, AMRDEC / Redstone Arsenal, (256) 876-6077, jeremy.r.rice.civ@mail.mil
Lt Col Jonathan F. McCall, AFRL / Edwards AFB, (661) 275-6112, jonathan.mccall@us.af.mil
Dr. Charles J. Trefny, NASA GRC / Cleveland, (216) 433-2162, charles.j.trefny@nasa.gov
Dr. David R. Gonzalez, NSWC-IHEODTD / Indian Head, (301) 744-1513, david.r.gonzalez@navy.mil

JHU WSE ERG Technical Representative:
Peter Zeender, JHU WSE ERG, (443) 718-5001, pzeender@erg.jhu.edu

JPM Mission Areas

The 66th JPM sessions will cover systems development within the nine mission areas described below. Additional information concerning these areas or the topics being solicited should be directed to the respective Area Chair.

Mission Area I: Tactical Propulsion

Co-Chairs:
Dr. Jeremy R. Rice, Army Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center / Redstone Arsenal, AL
Telephone:  (256) 876-6077
Email:          jeremy.r.rice4.civ@mail.mil

Dr. David R. Gonzalez, Naval Surface Warfare Center-IHEODTD / Indian Head, MD
Telephone:  (301) 744-1513
Email:          david.r.gonzalez@navy.mil

This area encompasses all tactical propulsion systems including those applicable to air-to-air; air-to-surface, surface launched and underwater missions. Typical systems include tactical missile boosters or sustainers, kinetic energy missiles, free-flight rockets, anti-radiation, anti-ship, anti-armor, anti-personnel/materiel missiles, ramjets, scramjets, and combined cycle propulsion. System studies that evaluate advanced propulsion concepts and demonstrations that incorporate one or more component technologies applicable to tactical propulsion are of interest. Examples of component technologies include propellants and fuels, fuel management systems, cases and combustors, inlets, nozzles, thrust vector control systems, thrust management systems, and advanced materials applications. Life cycle cost and demilitarization are also topics of interest.

Manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques: Papers are requested that emphasize manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques. Papers need not be associated with a particular system but should be applicable to materials associated with such vehicles and their corresponding flight environment. Abstracts are especially sought on the following topics:

  • Airbreathing propulsion systems
  • Hybrid propulsion systems
  • Solid propellant rocket propulsion systems
  • Demilitarization
  • Hypersonic propulsion systems
  • Improved missile kinematics
  • Insensitive munitions (from a systems perspective)
  • Propulsion system product improvement
  • Manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques

Airframe Structures and Materials: Materials development and characterization, and structural concepts, design, test, and validation for Airframe applications and components exposed to extreme environments as found in atmospheric high speed or reentry conditions. Topics of interest include: TPS and hot structures, materials, structures and related technology for leading edges, exterior acreage surfaces, control surfaces, hot structures, and seals (penetrations). Further topics include hot and integrated structures; acreage thermal protection systems, including ceramic matrix composites, tiles, blankets, ablators, and metallics; fuel tanks, including cryogenic and hydrocarbon, composite and metallic; leading edges, including active, passive, and heat-pipe-cooled; design and analysis methods; and seals. Papers on structures and materials that have recently flown, or are planed for flight, on flight vehicles are encouraged.


Mission Area II: Missile Defense / Strategic Propulsion

Chair:
Dr. Robert J. Jensen, Sierra Lobo, Incorporated / Edwards AFB, CA
Telephone:  (661) 275-5468
Email:          robert.jensen.12.ctr@us.af.mil

This area includes technology applicable to ballistic missiles, trans-atmospheric vehicles, and missile defense. Emphasis should be on system-level papers discussing propulsion technology for new vehicle systems, upgrades, modernization and sustainment; failure investigations; and economic considerations that include evolving business practices, life cycle cost estimation, and approaches that reduce development and operations costs and schedules. Papers are requested that emphasize sustainable manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques. Papers need not be associated with a particular system but should be applicable to materials associated with such vehicles and their corresponding flight environment. Abstracts are especially sought in the areas of:
  • Ground-based and sea-based strategic systems
  • Ground-based, aircraft-based and sea-based missile defense
  • Anti-satellite systems
  • Advanced (including low or non-toxic) propellants
  • Advanced (including light weight and/or high temperature) materials
  • Insensitive munitions technologies
  • Energy management approaches
  • Dual mode systems (airbreathing/rocket)
  • Unconventional propulsion
  • Divert propulsion/attitude control propulsion
  • Post boost control system propulsion
  • Innovative propellant tank and valve technologies (including hot gas valves/pintles)
  • Aging and Surveillance of propulsion systems
  • Manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques including the use of 3D printing for strategic and missile defense propulsion system components
  • US-sourced sustainable materials
  • Demilitarization or alternative applications of heritage propulsion systems

Mission Area III: Propulsion Systems for Space Access

Chair:
Mr. Bruce R. Askins, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center / Huntsville, AL
Telephone:  (256) 544-1096
Email:          bruce.askins@nasa.gov

This area focuses on existing or potential primary and auxiliary government, commercial or foreign propulsion systems for earth-to-orbit vehicles. Emphasis should be on system-level papers discussing propulsion technologies for new vehicle systems, upgrades and modernization, failure investigations, and evolving business practices that reduce development and operations costs while increasing mission reliability. Papers should address future access to space missions, future exploration missions and needs, vehicle system architectures, and the identification of critical propulsion requirements technologies that must be enabled to support these new system requirements.

Manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques: Papers are requested that emphasize manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques. Papers need not be associated with a particular system but should be applicable to materials associated with such vehicles and their corresponding flight environment. Abstracts are especially sought in the following areas:
  • Methods for development of design reference missions and vehicle systems architecture
  • Description of vehicle systems analysis models and assumptions
  • Details of architecture studies and descriptions of promising vehicle architectures
  • Uncertainty evaluation of vehicle systems analysis
  • Results of sensitivity analysis of key parameters on vehicle dry mass fraction margin, gross take-off weight, cost, reliability, and safety, with emphasis on propulsion
  • Methods for identification and prioritization of critical enabling propulsion technologies
  • Approaches for utilizing higher fidelity propulsion analyses in the overall systems architecture model(s)
  • Methods to standardize model assumptions and fidelity in order to make relevant comparisons between vehicle architectures and various propulsion system options
  • Description of promising new propulsion systems
  • Description and status of the access to space propulsion system technology or development activities
  • Small launch vehicle mission analysis
  • System analysis for responsive space access
  • Manufacturing technologies and fabrication techniques
  • Manufacturing use of 3D printing for propulsion hardware

Mission Area IV: Gun and Gun-Launched Propulsion

Chair:
Mr. Paul L. Henderson, Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center / Picatinny Arsenal, NJ
Telephone:  (973) 724-5518
Email:          paul.l.henderson19.civ@mail.mil

This area embraces technologies applicable to small-, intermediate-, or large-caliber guns, as well as gun-launched rocket propulsion, for air, sea, or ground/mobile weapons systems. Typical rocket assisted systems include kinetic energy missiles and extended range projectiles, both guided and unguided. Abstracts are especially sought in the following areas:

  • Conventional gun propulsion concepts to include solids and liquids
  • Unconventional gun propulsion concepts
  • System-level gun propulsion studies (gun tube wear and erosion, blast/flash mitigation, improved system survivability)
  • Concepts to enable rocket systems to achieve high operating pressures (gun barrel and motor case)
  • Assisted projectiles
  • Assisted guided munitions
  • Insensitive munitions

Mission Area V: Propulsion and Energetics Test Facilities

Co-Chairs:
Mr. Michael D. Owen, NASA White Sands Test Facility / Las Cruces, NM
Telephone:  (575) 524-5403
Email:          michael.d.owen@nasa.gov

Ms. Julie A. Carlile, Air Force Research Laboratory / Edwards AFB, CA
Telephone:  (661) 275-5098
Email:           julie.carlile@us.af.mil

This area targets issues, technologies and achievements relevant to the operation and use of rocket propulsion test facilities for demonstration, development, characterization, and qualification of rocket, spacecraft, and gun propulsion systems, energetics, and materials for propulsion applications. Eligible test facilities include static test facilities for liquid rocket engines, solid rocket motors, electric and in-space propulsion systems, hypersonic test facilities, gel motors, hybrid propulsion systems, explosives, insensitive munitions, wind tunnels, altitude/vacuum chambers, and other rocket propulsion technologies; laboratory test facilities for energetics and materials science characterization; and test ranges for missiles, guns and rocket sleds. Abstracts are specifically solicited on the following topics:
  • Best practices and testing standards
  • Integrating instrumentation, controls and data acquisition systems
  • Static thrust measurement systems
  • Propellant and materials handling and safety
  • Accident and incident lessons learned
  • Test facility modeling

Abstracts on improvements in base infrastructure, updates and upgrades of test stand capabilities, new propellant inventories, or other general advertisements of capabilities or assets will not be considered for this area.


Mission Area VI: Sensors for Propulsion Measurement Applications

Chair:
Dr. Gary W. Hunter, NASA Glenn Research Center / Cleveland, OH
Telephone:  (216) 433-6459
Email:          gary.w.hunter@nasa.gov

This area captures technologies and advancements in sensors and measurement devices for rocket and gun propulsion applications. Emphasis should be on development, application, modeling and integration of sensors for use in various propulsion applications. Abstracts are specifically sought on systems and sensors for:

  • Storage, tanking and cryogenic systems, including true cryogenic mass flow, cryogenic temperature measurement, mass and level measurement in micro and zero gravity, pump and turbomachinery induced pressure fluctuations, leak and tank integrity monitoring, and other propellant feed and storage measurements
  • High-temperature systems and hostile environments, including: extreme high-temperature measurements, real-time nozzle erosions and fuel regression, material ablation, flame propagation, high temperature electronics, packaging, and communications, and measurement and analysis of thermal effects on pressure transducers
  • In-chamber diagnostics, including development of methods to make measurements of velocity, temperature, pressure, and/or other flow quantities inside of firing combustion chambers
  • Plume measurement technology, including methods to utilize plume measurements to understand chamber operating conditions and spacecraft contamination issues
  • Systems health monitoring and non-destructive evaluation (NDE) and repair, including: test stand characterization and control, structure and sense line frequency characterization, micro and nanotechnologies, systems for conversion of sensor data into actionable knowledge, technologies for intelligent health management systems, integrated fiber optics, electromagnetic NDE technologies, NDE data processing and analysis, life cycle monitoring of solid rocket motors, and monitoring of aeroshells and ballutes during reentry
  • Smart sensing technology, including the development of sensors capable of automatic calibration and fault detection; intelligent sensors that are calibrated in situ and provide dynamic compensation for environmental changes (temperature, humidity, etc.); fault detection also including any fault that would cause a sensor to provide inaccurate information such as sensor damage, lead wire damage or disconnection, and the disbonding or detorquing of the sensor; smart and distributed sensor system approaches, systems architectures, and applications
  • Chemical sensors suitable for solid rocket motor environments and applications (sensors of interest include those for measuring the chemical state or composition of a solid, including gaseous diffusion, liquid diffusion, changes in free volume, direct measurement of changes in molecular weight or molecular weight per crosslink due to chain scission or the reaction products which result from chain scission); and development and applications of sensors that do not alter the chemical equilibrium of the solid solution are of particular interest
  • Sensor modeling and simulation including modeling and simulation methods for sensor selection and data validation approaches; and recent advances in micro/nano technology, embedded sensor systems, optical diagnostics, and multiparameter measurement technologies

Mission Area VII: System-wide Application of Additive Manufacturing for Propulsion Applications

Chair:
Mr. James L. Cannon, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center / Hunstville, AL
Telephone:   (256) 544-7072
Email:          james.L.cannon@nasa.gov

This area focuses on the use of Additive Manufacturing (AM) as an enabling technology from both an organizational and a systems perspective. Additive manufacturing is critical for reducing manufacturing time and cost to produce specific components for propulsion systems, and multiple JANNAF Subcommittees are addressing the specific application challenges within their areas. Affordability is a critical element for both government and commercial systems. New and innovative manufacturing techniques are working their way into mainstream manufacturing. Before additive manufacturing is widely accepted for general use, it is necessary to understand the technology well enough to proceed with a high level of confidence. This Mission Area emphasizes how the various JANNAF organizations are planning to address the challenges of integrating AM into propulsion systems. What are the synergies between the JANNAF organizations’ AM plans and the AM centers of excellence such as America Makes (as well as others)? How are the JANNAF organizations addressing the integration of AM hardware into existing or new systems? Other areas to consider are overall cost considerations and ROI when incorporating AM hardware into new systems.

Papers should address AM technology roadmaps (government, industry, AM centers), AM integration challenges, strategies for incorporating AM hardware into new or existing systems, and economic considerations

Additive Manufacturing Technology:

  • Government AM Technology Road Maps/Plans
  • AM Centers of Excellence Technology Road Maps/Plans
  • Industry AM Technology Road Maps
  • Synergy between roadmaps, what is missing?
  • Challenges for incorporating AM hardware into systems
  • Economic considerations of incorporating AM hardware into new systems
  • Are we investing enough into AM?
  • Are we investing in the right areas?

Mission Area VIII: Digital Engineering [Joint Mission Area with MSS]

Chair:
Dr. Michael D. Watson, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center / Huntsville, AL
Telephone:   (256) 544-3186
Email:          michael.d.watson@nasa.gov

Digital Engineering (DE) is an integrated digital approach that uses authoritative sources of system data and models as a continuum across disciplines to support lifecycle activities from concept through disposal. DE focuses on the application and integration of models and simulations to improve the development and support of systems. DE encompasses several areas within the propulsion, hypersonic, and munitions communities including: Model Based Engineering (MBE); Integrated Health Management (IHM); and Modeling and Simulation of System Autonomy. The JANNAF Propulsion Meeting is providing an opportunity for modeling and simulation advancements in support of the DE strategy be shared across the military services, NASA, and the industrial base. Papers are sought in DE initiatives in general and the DE initiatives in the following areas:

  1. Model-Based Engineering (MBE) encompasses the development of methodologies, codes, and model simulations to quantitatively evaluate and optimize propulsion, hypersonic, and munitions technologies across component, subsystem, and vehicle system levels. MBE includes Model Based Systems Engineering (MBSE), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM), Finite Element Modeling (FEM), Optical Design, and other modeling and simulation used in Digital Engineering. The integrated set of these models constitutes the system Digital Twin. The use of models complements traditional experiments during technology development with a goal of reducing technology development time and schedule, as well as use physics-based models to explore domains and behaviors that are particularly difficult or impossible to examine experimentally.
  2. Integrated Health Management (IHM) promotes advancement and development of technologies that support both Simulation Credibility and Digital Engineering efforts that are being pursued across many of the JANNAF Subcommittees. IHM technologies are focused on propulsion, hypersonic, and munitions systems within a “system of systems” environment that reduces maintenance and logistics costs, and increases reliability of these systems. IHM includes methods and tools for: data management and mining; integrated communications, command and control; diagnostics; prognostics, and integrated sensors and sensing systems. These Digital Engineering tools enable making redline and contingency decisions using knowledge-based expert systems, model-based diagnostic and reasoning, fault models, neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic and evolutionary algorithms, and life-cycle analysis.
  3. Modeling and Simulation of System Autonomy encompasses the development of methodologies, codes, models, and simulations to evaluate, analyze, and optimize autonomous system capabilities. Autonomous systems include aircraft, ground vehicles, hypersonic vehicles, launch vehicles, spacecraft, submarines, and sea surface ships. Modeling and Simulation of System Autonomy addresses the modeling and simulation of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, the integration of AI algorithms, simulation environments including the interaction of algorithms with system hardware, verification and validation of non- deterministic algorithms, and determination of operational bounds of autonomous systems. The use of modeling and simulations of autonomous systems to determine their responses and operational bounds is also a crucial Digital Engineering technology area.


Mission Area IX: Simulation Credibility: Uncertainty, Verification, Validation and Risk [Joint Mission Area with MSS]

Co-Chairs:
Dr. Robert A. Baurle, NASA Langley Research Center / Hampton, VA
Telephone:   (757) 864-9016
Email:          robert.a.baurle@nasa.gov

Dr. Dean R. Eklund, Air Force Research Laboratory / Wright-Patterson AFB, OH
Telephone:  (937) 255-0632
Email:           dean.eklund@us.af.mil

Digital Engineering is based on having credible models and simulations of the system. The credibility of digital simulations is a major issue for incorporating simulation tools and data into a technology-development program, for conducting simulation-based acquisition, for assessing system reliability to assure human safety and/or mission success, and for identifying and assessing risks in complex, technological systems. Simulation credibility includes assessment and quantification of simulation uncertainty, sensitivity-uncertainty analysis, experimental uncertainty, physical model validation, simulation verification and validation, and risk assessment. Papers are solicited on efforts and guidance on simulation credibility for unit, benchmark, subsystem, and system problems related to the following topics:

  • Uncertainty sources and sensitivity analysis
  • Propagation, quantification, and management of uncertainty
  • Simulation verification
  • Model validation
  • Simulation credibility assessment
  • Risk assessment and management
  • Best practices, guidelines, and procedures for establishing simulation credibility.